1. Aim: To understand the working of Turbo-charged engines in cars.
2. Working: In turbo-charged engines, there is a turbine fitted to the engine's air intake. The turbine is attached to an air compressor, compressing the incoming air and pushing it towards the combustion chamber.
The turbine is powered by the exhaust gases which power the compressor. The compressor pushes air into the engine. It helps to produce more power than the same capacity naturally aspirated engine.
As the turbine is powered by exhaust gases due to which it becomes a bit fuel efficient but it also causes one drawback i.e. there is some turbo lag which is the delay between pressing the accelerator and turbo producing boost and it also requires more maintenance.